Unknown, but made in the United States.
Other Catalog Numbers
Asociación Numismático's F-213,
Conte Porras page #103, #104 and #111, Henkle's Chiriqui#37,
Plumer page #6, Rulau's Chq 5 and Schimmel #44.
Forty-eight specimens of this token in collector hands are known to me.
This is the most common of all Panama coffee tokens.
Recent sales include:
- Auction sale on ebay on July 19, 2006 for $8.27 plus $2.50 shipping.
- Auction sale on ebay on December 6, 2003 for $4.99.
- Auction sale on ebay on January 18, 2003 for $15.50.
- Auction sale on ebay on November 7, 2002 for $9.99.
- Auction sale on ebay on April 4, 2002 for $8.50.
Nemesio Ledesma was born on December 19, 1888 in Bajo Lino (in the Boquete area).
His parents were an early pioneer Boquete family, Pedro and María Ledesma.
He founded the finca "La Esperanza" in Horqueta.
The plantation (or finca) name "La Esperanza" means "The Hope".
His near neighbors included
coffee grower Segundo Díaz who issued similar tokens.
Quoting from the
"Mr. Aristides Ledesma is the owner of a
plantation known as "La Esperanza" located in Boquete, province of
Chiriqui, which although it is small compared to others of the same
neighborhood, is nevertheless, extremely flourishing and in a high state of
cultivation. Mr. Ledesma has 4,000 bearing coffee trees,
and also raises corn, yucca, bananas and has a large quantity of sugar cane
planted. For the later product he has installed a hydraulic mill. The
plantation also includes the necessary drying sheds and machinery for the
treatment of the coffee bean."
Nemesio Ledesma has been established to be the Aristides Ledesma referred to
above. I am not sure if the Aristides name was a mistake, or a case of formal
name versus nickname.
Nemesio married María Urriola and had three children. His eldest, Ezequiel, was
mayor of Boquete from 1938 to 1940. Nemesio died on March 10, 1984 at the age
of 95. Finca La Esperanza is still owned and operated by the Ledesma family.
The town of Boquete is
in the mountains of Chiriqui province, where the climate is cooler
than at sea-level. Coffee, oranges, flowers and other agricultural products are
grown in the region surrounding Boquete.
This token is almost identical to several other Boquete finca tokens such
as the Sittón and Castillo token, the Segundo Díaz token, the Emilio Kant
token and the Aurelio Rovira token.
It is known that the Ledesma token was manufactured in the United States.
Since Sittón and Castillo did business with United States merchants, perhaps
they found the token manufacturer in the United States and placed orders for
themselves and the other four coffee growers.